Bladder calculi can cause pain in the lower abdomen, pain in the penis or testicles, pain during urination, blood in the urine and difficulty urinating. The condition is usually caused when crystals of urine form in the bladder, when it is not completely emptied. The bladder can become infected, causing bladder stones to form. Bladder stones can also be caused by an enlarged prostate, damaged nerves, or inflammation in the bladder. When bladder stones are not removed, they can cause urinary tract infection and chronic bladder dysfunction, both of which can have serious complications.
When diagnosing bladder calculi, Dr Maharajh will perform a physical examination. She will investigate for an underlying cause. She will also do an analysis of your urine, and in some cases, a CT scan, ultrasound, or x-ray may be required.
Treatment of bladder calculi involves the removal of the bladder stones. Usually, they can be removed during a procedure called a cystolitholapaxy, in which a cystocope is inserted into the bladder through the urethra, which allows Dr Maharajh to view the stones. She can then use a laser to break the stone in to small pieces and flush them from the bladder.